Culture is a driver of a range of topics currently investigated by the agricultural and food economics profession. Examples include touristic-driven development of rural areas (both remote areas and areas closely connected to cities), change in consumer behaviour and working habits, innovation and technology acceptance, link between supply and demand through food networks, chain organization and trust, governance forms at the interplay between private action and public policy. These phenomena are often studied separately by different branches of agricultural and food economics. Yet, cultural issues are interconnected and affect the vitality and competitiveness of the agriculture, food and bio-economy systems. The seminar explores the different meanings of culture and their relationships with agriculture and food systems as interpreted through the lens agricultural and food economists.